To make drugs cheaper often these mixed with other medication or chemicals. Diluents like talc, starch, or sugar or adulterants such as pharmacologically active compounds may be mixed with inert chemicals. Biological effects of adulterants are dangerous effect of the primary drug of abuse. It occurs due to overdosing or abuse. Clenbuterol is a chemical found in heroin and cocaine as adulterant.
Clenbuterol also known as Clen is used to cure asthma patients outside the United States. It is used in the United States to treat bronchoconstriction in animals. It has been given to the racehorses too. Meat farmers also used Clen to expand their livestock’s lean mass. Clenbuterol is banned in sports competitions such as athletic because it is believed that clen is enhancing performance of sport person. Itis easily available on online sites. Athletes misuse Clean to enhance their performance .it had been seen that clen was abused by many of the athletes which result in overdosing or abuse in different countries so that they can enhance their muscle mass and reduce the body fat. Its usage and abuse has been increased due to its fewer side effects. According o controlled substance act,clen cannot be considered as controlled substance but it is banned in sports competition due to its effects of enhancing the performance . it is available in tablets,pills,liquid and injections and can be easily online. Many of the famous athletes were found guilty of abusing clen, one of the famous player was alberto contdor winner of tour da france.He had to return his title after accidently ingesting such drug.he tried to prove him innocent by putting by saying that the meat he consumed contain the clen.
clenbuterol overdose occur when it has been used more than the prescribed limit or more then the daily dosage . However this drug is taken intentionally due to lipolytic effects it produces or it can also occur by consuming the meat of animal on which it effects had been tried. It doesn’t interact good with others drug and alcohol and it leads to unintentionally overdose majorly occur to those who consume adulterated heroin and cocaine. There are so many symptoms occur due to overdose and they are as follow
- Chest pain
- Miosis (with heroine)
Diseases like hypokalemia,hypophosphatemia and hyperglycemia from β-agonism. clenbuterol also disturb oxidative phosphorylation cycle which occurs in mitochondria of cell which results in venous hyperoxia and lactic acidosis . There are chances of having rhabdomyolysis along with tetany and tremors.it can also cause injuries of myocardial and ischemia.it can happen because of chronotropic and inotropic effects it produce which cause ischemia. To test the use of clen, urine test generally conducted for athletes. sometimes to make a drug cheaper and large in quantity ,they adulteted it with other drug or substance such as inert chemicals diluent,starch,sugar or talc or with some active pharmacologically compounds .adulterants added it harmful effects in the dangerous effects of primary drug. One such adulterant is clenbuterol whose primary drug is heroine and cocain.